This paper presents an overview of housing options used for persons with mental illness who have had contact with the criminal justice system.
This report focuses on the societal and economic costs of holding mentally ill offenders in jails and prisons, how mentally ill offenders are processed in the criminal justice system, and several promising criminal justice interventions and policies for mentally ill offenders.
The Urban Institute and its partners, the Center for Effective Public Policy, the Correctional Leaders Association, and the National Center for Victims of Crime, were funded by the National Institute of Justice to conduct a two-tiered, 33-month, exploratory mixed methods study of policies, programs, and practices that state departments of corrections (DOCs) use for addressing incarcerated women’s prior trauma and victimization and for preventing in-custody victimization.
Women are the fastest-growing incarcerated population in the United States. Despite this drastic increase, correctional institutions often lack awareness and understanding of the victimization that many—if not most—incarcerated women experience before incarceration (Bloom 2015).
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services initiated this project to focus attention on these issues and to launch a new and important discussion on how to better address the needs of the growing population of families and individuals served by health and human services programs and under the supervision of the criminal justice system.