The authors suggest that an integrated community-based behavioral health system can play a pivotal role in coordinating and integrating services for justice involved people with Serious Mental Illnesses (SMI). The goal is to expand the Impact Justice 10 continuum of services available within the behavioral health system to meet people where they are at. A collaborative approach between law enforcement and behavioral health services can help reduce the replication of similar services.
The authors conducted a meta-analysis to assess the impact on recidivism for individuals in Mental Health Courts (MHC) versus those in traditional criminal proceedings. Results show that participation in MHC has little impact on recidivism. More pronounced impacts of MHCs are seen on jail time as well as charge outcomes.
This is a comparative study that examines the outcomes for veterans who navigated Veteran Treatment Courts (VTC), Treatment Court (TC) and those that did not go through either of those. Results demonstrate that each of the groups has a set of characteristics related to employment, program enrollment, days in jail, etc. Individuals who went through the CTCs had better outcomes due to the approach and support they received.
Study looks at recidivism rate two years after disposition among individuals who went through mental health court (MCH) versus those that were eligible, but went through the “traditional” court process. The findings suggest that MHC participation can reduce recidivism for an extended time after individuals go through the court process.