The crime, mental health, and economic impacts of prearrest diversion of people with mental health problems: A systematic review
Source: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health
Resource Type: Documents and Publications
Focus Population: People in Recovery from Substance Use, People with Criminal Justice System Involvement, People with Serious Mental Illness (SMI)
Topics: Criminal or Juvenile Justice System, Recovery from Mental Health or Substance Use Disorders, Suicide Prevention
The authors review existing literature to answer three research questions: (1) the risk of recidivism after individuals are diverted to community health services in comparison to those that are not, (2) extent of mental health improvement for those in diversion versus those that are not diverted and lastly (3) the economic cost associated with prearrest diversion and sectors that are impacted. They conclude that although there are prearrest diversion programs the field needs to invest and expand existing initiatives in a way that centers effectiveness and maximizes the use of resources.