Stress & Trauma Toolkit for Treating Indigenous People in a Changing Political and Social Environment
Source: American Psychiatric Association
Resource Type: Template or Tool
Focus Population: BIPOC (Black, Indigenous, and People of Color), People who have experienced Trauma
Topics: Behavioral Health Organizational Guidance Docs, Culturally Specific Strengths and Resilience, Experience of Racism, Discrimination, and Oppression, Mental Health Treatment, Trauma-informed
Indigenous populations in the United States are diverse in languages, cultures, and histories. As a result, varying experiences and responses to historical traumas have emerged in the present in these populations. Historical trauma has been defined as “cumulative emotional and psychological wounding, over the lifespan and across generations, emanating from massive group trauma experiences.”
Witnessing or being directly involved in violent struggles carries risks, both physical and psychological, which can be passed on to the next generation. For Indigenous peoples, land dispossession, forced relocation, epidemics, and forced assimilation and sterilization are just some examples of the collective losses they have experienced over time.