Decriminalizing mental illness—The Miami model
Source: The New England Journal of Medicine
Resource Type: Documents and Publications
Focus Population: People in Recovery from Substance Use, People with Criminal Justice System Involvement, People with Serious Mental Illness (SMI)
Topics: Criminal or Juvenile Justice System, Recovery from Mental Health or Substance Use Disorders, Suicide Prevention
The study focuses on describing the success of the Miami Model which was developed by Judge Leifman in 2000. The initiative called the Eleventh Impact Justice 2 Judicial Circuit Criminal Mental Health Project (CMHP) includes a pre-booking, post-booking jail diversion program. The pre-booking diversion follows the Crisis Intervention Team model where people arrested for minor offenses are diverted to crisis units to receive treatment and police officers go through 40 hour training to de-escalate potentially violent incidents, and how to recognize the signs of mental illness. It concludes the importance of replicating the program in other communities.