Latino immigrants underutilize mental health services even if they have made a prior suicide attempt. The study looked at whether a brochure might increase suicide literacy, decrease stigma and change help-seeking behavior. Disappointingly, the effort did not reduce stigma associated with suicidal individuals nor increase help-seeking behavior.
The association between duration of US residence and suicidality and psychopathology is higher for Latino immigrants than for other racial ethnic groups. While this study focused on characteristics of the individuals themselves, it is also possible that conditions in the host country favor certain ethnic/racial groups over others.
Second-generation and later-generations of Latino youth had higher risk of suicide, illicit drug use and alcohol use than first-generation Latino youth. Acculturation to US culture is considered a causal contributing factor to the differences in these rates.
Suicide-related outcomes were associated with migration in both the sending and receiving countries and individuals who had migrated to the US younger than age 13 were at higher risk than persons who migrated at a later age. The data suggest that stressors related to the disruption of family dynamics due to migration and/or having a family member living in a different country may be a factor in suicide.