The National League of Cities (NLC) and Arnold Ventures provide recommendations on how local jurisdictions can improve their response to mental illness through cross-system collaboration. The document linked here is the executive summary, which includes links to three constituent reports.
The Bazelon Center argues for removing the role of law enforcement in responding to people with mental illness; rather, they suggest scaling up the capacity of the mental and behavioral health system.
Watson and Gionfriddo discuss the need for accessible mental health resources for youth who experience racial injustice, trauma, community violence, and poverty, and the over-policing and use of force occurring in communities and in youth detention centers.
Traditional efforts in treatment for mental illness and substance use disorder for justice-involved individuals has been concentrated on providing tools and training for criminal justice professionals and was expensive and ineffective. Re-focusing on providing knowledge, skills, and training about justice-involved individuals to behavioral health providers helps them to provide community-based services to this population effectively and at reduced cost.
This paper proposes client and system-level process measures intended to gauge how well the justice and behavioral health treatment systems are collaboratively addressing individuals’ behavioral health needs. Similar process measures within the behavioral health system have been found helpful in advancing access and retention in treatment services.